Injection safety and waste management
Even as health care systems in developing countries continue to grow stronger and better training and care reaches more people, the challenges associated with contaminated needles and medical waste continue to persist—exposing health workers, patients, and communities to unnecessary risk. For example, each year, an estimated 21 million hepatitis B, 2 million hepatitis C, and 260,000 HIV infections occur from accidental needlestick injuries and needle reuse—causing 1.3 million early deaths, a loss of 26 million years of life, and US$535 million in direct medical costs per annum globally.
Since the 1980s, in collaboration with many different partners, PATH has developed technologies that make it easier to safely handle and dispose of injection equipment and medical waste. PATH also works with health ministries worldwide to assess and prioritize low-cost options for medical waste disposal and improve practices and policies to protect patients, health workers, and communities from needle-stick injuries and exposure to biohazardous materials. Visit PATH’s website to learn more about its work on safer injections and health care waste management.
Logistics of Health Care Waste Management: Information and Approaches for Developing Country Settings (2009)
A publication that offers solutions to health care waste management challenges in developing countries.
A web page that provides resources on injection safety in both developed and developing countries.
Featured PATH resources
Framework for Conducting a Self-Assessment of National Progress in Injection Waste Management, Version 1 (2008)
A tool for conducting a self-assessment of health care waste-management planning.
Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste (2005)
A document that contains a set of modules for use in training health workers in the management of sharps waste.
Page last updated: November 2013.