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Small-Scale Incinerator Construction: Recommendations from the Rwanda Experience

This report documents a partnership in Rwanda to support infrastructure and systems development to ensure the safe handling, treatment, and final disposal of infectious medical waste.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Smart Electrochlorinator 200

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work, in collaboration with Cascade Designs, to develop a prototype of a portable, battery-powered, easy-to-use device that delivers consistent concentrations of chlorine to treat water in low-resource settings.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Smart Polymer Preconcentration to Enhance the Sensitivity of Chlamydia Trachomatis Immunoassays

An overview of a method of sample preparation by smart polymers for detection in an immunoassay, demonstrated as part of a diagnostics test for Chlamydia trachomatis. Presented at: 38th Annual American Association of Clinical Chemistry (AACC) Oakridge Conference, April 21, 2006; San Jose, CA.

Author: Kulkarni S, Peck R, Barfield C, et al

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Global

Software for National-Level Vaccine Cold Chain Equipment Management

In collaboration with experts from the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the Clinton Health Access Initiative, the University of Washington, and the national immunization programs of Uganda, Kenya, and Malawi, PATH developed the Cold Chain Equipment Manager (CCEM)—an inventory and planning tool that utilizes Microsoft Access–based software and analytic tools to help with data collection and analysis. Planning algorithms, data visualization, system modeling, and report-generation by CCEM adhere to national immunization policies and WHO/UNICEF standards. This poster, first presented in March 2012 at the Fifth Annual International Conference on Information Communication Technologies and Development, outlines the role and potential positive impact of the CCEM in lead up to the introduction of new pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines.

Author: Anderson R, Lloyd J, Newland S

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Global

Solar Direct-Drive for Last-Mile Cooling

For health facilities lacking reliable access to electricity, solar direct-drive refrigerators are the most cost-effective option currently available when comparing similarly sized units. This banner and these handouts are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit


Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the SoloShot project at PATH.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Solutions That Save Lives: Health Technologies Give Mothers and Children the Chance for a Healthy Future

This fact sheet discusses the development and implementation of technologies to improve the health of women and children in poor and remote areas around the world. It provides examples of PATH’s work in this area.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Solutions to Reduce Negative Health Impacts of Household Air Pollution

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to address the health effects of indoor air pollution for the more than one-third of the world's population that uses biomass to cook and heat their homes.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Sourcing Guide: The Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch for Use in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Programs. Version 1

This guide provides programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) with the information they need to independently procure nevirapine infant-dose pouches for use in their PMTCT services. (PATH is not a manufacturer or supplier of the pouch.)

Author: Berman A; Brooke S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

South Africa Country Program

This website about PATH’s South Africa country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Program websites

Sparking Demand for Household Water Treatment Products: Lessons From Commercial Projects in Four Countries

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief summarizes PATH's demand generation activities to encourage correct and consistent use of household water treatment solutions in Cambodia, Kenya, India, and Vietnam.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Sparking Dialogue: Initiating Community Conversations on Safe Abortion

This guide maps out the steps in building a dialogue-based BCC strategy and the importance of stakeholder involvement during the strategy design process. The purpose of this guide is to give policymakers and program implementors an idea of how communication strategies can be developed in order to increase access to safe abortion.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Sparking Innovation to Save Lives: How the US Can Advance Global Health Through New Technologies

This second annual policy report from the Global Health Technologies Coalition—a group of almost 40 nonprofit organizations working to increase awareness of the urgent need for vaccines, diagnostics, drugs, microbicides, and other products that save lives in the developing world—outlines some of the steps that will help curb unnecessary deaths, extend lives, and secure healthier futures. Serving as a guide for policymakers, the report documents promising policy actions taken over the past year in the areas of US investments in global health and international development, regulatory pathways to ensure the safety and efficacy of health tools, and incentives and innovative financing mechanisms to spur global health product development. This report offers recommendations for how US policymakers can continue to have a lead in improving health worldwide.

Publication date: 2011

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: GHTC's annual policy reports

Special Report: 7th International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases

This special report offers an overview of the proceedings at the 7th International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases held in Tel Aviv, Israel, from March 14 to 18, 2010. The meeting brought together pneumococcal experts from around the world to discuss the latest advancements in the field of pneumococcal disease research and development. This report captures topics covered at the conference ranging from microbiology and epidemiology of the pneumococcus bacterium to existing and novel pneumococcal vaccines and  treatments, as well as updates on global advocacy efforts and serotype dynamics of pneumococcal disease.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Global

Spotting Tuberculosis From the Frontlines: Engaging Pharmacies in Case-Finding

One of PATH’s strategies to find and treat tuberculosis (TB) patients is to build stronger referral networks. These collaborations are important in identifying patients who might otherwise be missed. This story describes how a pharmacy worker in Tanzania referred a mother and her young child for TB diagnosis using five simple screening questions that she learned in a PATH training. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Spring Infusor Pump for Antibiotic Treatment of Osteomyelitis

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to assess the value and sustainability of using a simple, affordable spring infusor pump for long-term outpatient administration of antibiotics for the treatment of osteomyelitis in low-resource settings.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Spurring Innovation for the Development of HIV/AIDS Technologies

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper discusses mechanisms that promote innovation in early stage discovery science for HIV and, in particular, those that target existing gaps in research.

Author: International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

SRH-HIV Convergence Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 1)

This document is the first in a series of periodic policy and practice updates about work undertaken by PATH on the convergence of HIV services and sexual and reproductive health services (SRH) in India.

Author: Sellers T, Saha A, Panda M, Pauchauri A

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Asia

Part of series: HIV-SRH Convergence newsletters

Stabilizing Influenza Vaccines

If a highly virulent pandemic strain were to emerge in today’s interconnected world, influenza has the potential to kill millions of people, especially in developing countries with limited to no resources for pandemic planning, preparedness, and outbreak response. PATH's work in developing thermostable influenza vaccines holds promise for extending product shelf life and easing logistics during introduction and rapid deployment to hard-to-reach populations—markedly improving developing-country preparedness and ability to contain the virus at its point of origin. This fact sheet describes our latest research achievements and next steps in product development.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Stabilizing the Antimalarial Drug Supply: Semisynthetic Artemisinin Could Meet up to One-Third of Global Need

Artemisinin-based combination therapy is considered the gold standard treatment for malaria, but global demand has often outpaced production, and pricing has been volatile. This fact sheet describes the cross-sector partnership PATH formed to develop a new way to produce high-quality, nonseasonal, and affordable artemisinin to supplement the plant-based supply.

Publication date: April 2014

Region: Global