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Total publications in this language: 127.

10 Key Findings and Recommendations for Effective Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment Programs

In early 2007, partners of the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention met to assess newly analyzed results of key studies in India, Peru, South Africa, and Thailand. These new data spurred the partners to outline ten key findings and recommendations for global policy and practice related to cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings.

Publication date: April 2007

Region: Global

About PATH

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's mission, global presence, areas of focus, partners, funding, and recent awards. It is available in English, French, Russian, and Spanish.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

ACCP Strategies for Supporting Women With Cervical Cancer

This report provides an overview of current issues relating to cancer treatment in developing countries, followed by descriptions of existing support for cancer patients in countries where ACCP has worked and the support provided by ACCP projects. Finally, this report provides recommendations, based on ACCP experiences, for the provision of basic assistance at the national or local level to women with cervical cancer, within the context of a prevention-based intervention in low-resource settings.

Author: White SC; Winkler JL; ACCP Community Involvement Affinity Group

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor (AMTSL) Learning Materials

The USAID-funded Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative developed a learning package on the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage consisting of a reference manual, participant’s notebook, and facilitator’s guide. This learning package was developed for use by nurses, midwives, and doctors providing childbirth and immediate postpartum care. Information about implementing active management of the third stage of labor is featured in this reference manual as well as the corresponding participant’s notebook and facilitator’s guide. The reference manuals and facilitators' guides are available as one large file and also in smaller sections for easier downloading.

Author: Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI)

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Albania Pilots an Immunization Information System

The Albanian Ministry of Health, in collaboration with project Optimize, developed a registry-based immunization information system. This fact sheet illustrates how the data the new system produces has been used to improve the management of the country's vaccination program, how it is changing the way people collaborate, how it ensures timely and equal access to immunization for all children, and how it reduces the administrative burden on staff.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Autodisposable Syringes and Sharps Disposal Containers with DMPA

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Before and After: How an Online Immunization Registry has Benefitted Health Workers in Albania

Starting in 2009, the Albanian Institute of Public Health collaborated with project Optimize to implement an online immunization information system (IIS) that can schedule and record all child immunizations in the country, as well as manage vaccine stock and storage. The “before” pictures describe how health workers used the previous paper-based registry, while the “after” pictures describe how they are now using the online IIS.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Eastern Europe

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

Bringing Online Immunization Registries to Low-Resource Countries

Today, most health workers at the service‐delivery level in developing countries use paper‐based systems to track the individuals who have been vaccinated and the vaccines and other resources used during the process. Project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, is working with the Albanian Institute of Public Health to develop and implement an immunization information system that will provide the type of high-quality, granular data that policymakers need.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Building Next-Generation Vaccine Supply Systems: Supply Chain Modeling and Optimization

This fact sheet describes how project Optimize and our partners, Agence de Médecine Préventive, United Nations Children’s Fund, and the Vaccine Modeling Initiative at University of Pittsburgh, are working with countries to model the impact of changes to vaccine logistics and supply systems on vaccine availability, using a powerful new modeling tool called HERMES.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Business Investing in Malaria Control: Economic Returns and a Healthy Workforce for Africa

This report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series examines how private-sector investment in malaria control has improved cost-effectiveness at companies operating in malaria-endemic regions in Africa.

Author: Mouzin E, Sedlmayr R, Miller J, et al

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

A Case for Better Immunization Information Systems

This evidence brief discusses the rationale for improving immunization information systems and describes user experiences with different types of systems. It also provides advice on feasibility in different contexts. It draws on evidence gathered during project Optimize demonstrations in Albania, Guatemala, Senegal, South Sudan, Tunisia, and Vietnam.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

The Case for Childhood Immunization

Author: Kane M; Lasher H

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Childhood Immunization: What You Need to Know - A Handbook for Health Workers and Parents

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Choosing Male Sterilization (Outlook, vol. 21, no. 3)

This issue of Outlook looks primarily at vasectomy as a contraceptive option for men. A number of important topics related to this theme are addressed, including no-scalpel vasectomy, no-scalpel vs. conventional vasectomy, choosing vasectomy, cost, vasectomy in developing countries, possible side effects and complications, regret, reversibility, and other strategies for male contraception.

Author: Weil B

Publication date: December 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Combating HIV/AIDS in the Democratic Republic of Congo

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, PATH is working with local groups from the ground up to link people with integrated HIV prevention, care, and support services through the ProVIC project. The five-year project, funded by the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief through the US Agency for International Development, has adapted the Champion Community approach to engage individuals, families, and entire communities, especially high-risk groups, in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Africa

Common Requirements for Logistics Management Information Systems

This document focuses on a method for producing descriptions, models, and figures that accurately represent the views and needs of global health professionals. The document can be used by global health practitioners to inform software development related to health systems.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Communications Guidance for Introducing Sayana® Press

This guide was created to support ministries of health and nongovernmental implementing partners as they develop communications strategies related to the introduction of the injectable contraceptive Sayana® Press. The document outlines communication strategies, audiences, key messages, and communications channels recommended for successful introduction of the product. For more information about the Sayana® Press Introduction and Evaluation project, visit http://sites.path.org/rh/?p=292.

Author: Lasher H

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Africa

Conclusions From ACCP Clinical Research in Developing Countries

This ACCP Cervical Cancer Prevention Fact Sheet summarizes the major findings and conclusions from ACCP research on organized cervical cancer prevention programs, alternative screening methods, treatment methods for precancerous lesions, and cost-effectiveness of screen-and-treat programs.

Author: ACCP

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Cool Innovations for Vaccine Transportation and Storage

Keeping heat-sensitive vaccines and other drugs at the right temperature is crucial yet often difficult in areas with limited or no electrical power. In response to this challenge, a group of public- and private-sector partners is working with project Optimize to evaluate a range of transportation and storage containers for heat-sensitive drugs and vaccines that operate in environments with or without access to reliable power.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

A Decade of Partnership and Results

Part of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, this report demonstrates the dramatic successes achieved by the malaria community over the past ten years. As a result of greater commitment and increased resources being made available to national malaria control programs, interventions have reached vulnerable populations and thousands of lives have been saved. The report details the evolution and effectiveness of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership over the years, demonstrating how a strong, well-organized community can help deliver broad health benefits while relieving overburdened health systems.

Author: White Johansson EW, Newby H, Carvajal L, et al

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Delivering MenAfriVac Using the Controlled Temperature Chain Approach

In November 2012, the first immunization campaign to use a controlled temperature chain (CTC) took place in northern Benin. This photo set by project Optimize contains images taken during the campaign, where more than 155,000 people were vaccinated using the CTC approach.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

Delivering Vaccines: A Cost Comparison of In-Country Vaccine Transport Container Options

Project Optimize, a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization, undertook a cost-comparison case study of five container options for vaccine transport from the national to the regional level in Senegal. This report may be used as a starting point for other country vaccine programs weighing transport options in the face of increasing vaccine volume.

Author: Lorenson K, Mvundura M

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Global

Designing Safe Syringe Disposal Systems for Immunization Services: A Guide for Program Managers

Author: Lloyd J; Wittet S; Lasher H

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Developing Cervical Cancer Screening Programs that Meet Women's Needs

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Direct-Drive Solar Vaccine Refrigerators—A New Choice for Vaccine Storage

This evidence brief developed by project Optimize is directed toward supply chain managers in low-and middle-income countries and provides information about direct-drive solar refrigerators, which may be a good option for vaccine storage in areas with little or no electricity. It provides background about the technology and some practical guidance about weighing this option for specific situations.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Domestic Refrigerators for Vaccine Storage in Tunisia: Conclusion and Recommendations

This project Optimize document summarizes a laboratory report on performance testing of four models of domestic refrigerators that are available on the Tunisian market. Project Optimize contracted the tests to demonstrate to the government the importance of prequalification of models according to World Health Organization quality, safety, and standards for the storage of vaccines.

Author: Lloyd J, McCarney S, Ouhichi R

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

Eliminating Malaria: Learning From the Past, Looking Ahead

This report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series details previous malaria elimination and eradication efforts to date and summarizes ongoing progress in all malaria-endemic areas of the world.

Author: Rietveld A, Kurdova-Mintcheva R

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Emergency Contraception: It's Not Too Late To Prevent Pregnancy

This brochure, which is available in 14 languages, helps health care providers communicate with clients about emergency contraception. The brochure is formatted so that it can be downloaded, printed, photocopied (double-sided), and then folded. There are two versions for each language: one for letter-size paper, the other for A4-size paper. A new version of the brochure will be ready in early 2012.

Publication date: 1998

Region: North America and Europe

Fact Sheet: Meningococcal Meningitis

Key facts about meningococcal meningitis, including disease transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention; outbreak trends; and global public response.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Africa

Feasibility of Administering Sayana® Press in Clinics and Communities: Summary Findings From an Operational Assessment in Senegal

This operational assessment of Sayana® Press in Senegal examines the extent to which Sayana® Press facilitates the logistics of managing and administering injectable contraception and assesses whether providers in Senegal find benefits in this new presentation.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Focus on Senegal

The first country report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, published in collaboration with Senegal’s National Malaria Control Programme, describes how Senegal achieved a spectacular drop in its malaria burden in just five years.

Author: Mouzin E, Thior PM, Diouf MB, Sambou B

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Focus on Zambia

This report, part of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, shows how Zambia has built up a strong disease-control program, with well-defined goals and organizational plans.

Author: Mouzin E, Mukonka V, Kamuliwo M, et al

Publication date: April 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Giving Safe Injections: Using Auto-Disable Syringes for Immunization

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Green Supply Chains: A Glimpse into the Future?

This project Optimize evidence brief discusses the rationale for introducing net-zero energy systems into vaccine supply chains and describes the experiences and lessons learned in a demonstration project in Tunisia. Opportunities and challenges are presented and evidence is provided for national and global readers involved in immunization supply chains who may be considering a similar intervention.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

The Growing Chronic Disease Burden: Implications for Reproductive Health (Outlook, vol. 26, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook discusses the emerging chronic disease burden in developing countries with a focus on cardiovascular conditions, diabetes, and the risk factor of obesity. The newsletter addresses relationships between chronic diseases and reproductive health, such as hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and contraceptive choice for women with cardiovascular conditions and risk factors.

Author: Drake JK

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Guidelines for Implementing Supportive Supervision: A Step-by-Step Guide with Tools to Support Immunization

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Harnessing Solar Energy for Health Needs

Many health facilities in remote areas operate without grid electricity, have unreliable electricity, or find that using electricity is too costly. In these settings, solar energy is a promising solution for powering the storage and transportation of vaccines and heat‐sensitive drugs at controlled temperatures. Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, has been working with public and private partners on several solar technologies tailored to the following local electrical power conditions: unavailable or unreliable power, intermittent power, and reliable power.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Has Your Vaccine Been Damaged by Freezing? Shake Test Instructions

Poster describing how to conduct the shake test to determine whether a vaccine has been frozen. This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Helping Young People Become Youth Advocates for Immunization

Author: Smith T; Wittet S

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

HPV Testing: Promise and Challenges

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Immunization and Child Health Materials Development Guide

Author: Younger E; Wittet S; Hooks C; Lasher H

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Immunization Information Systems

This three-part banner and these handouts illustrate how better access to information can help improve the performance of vaccination programs. Software systems can help with functions including stock management, immunization registries, and equipment inventories. These materials are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested in different countries around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Immunizing Children Against Hepatitis B: A Training Module for Doctors, Nurses, and Other Immunization Providers

Author: Wood S; Lasher H; Wittet S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Improving Child Health and HIV-Free Survival: A Review of Current Research on Risks and Benefits of Infant Feeding Options for HIV-Positive Moms

This is a handout of a poster presented at the International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Austria, in July 2010. The document presents evidence concerning the effect of breastfeeding avoidance and early cessation on child mortality and HIV-free survival in developing countries.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Improving Nutrition for Mothers and Children

This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the Infant & Young Child Nutrition Project.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

Improving Vaccine Delivery Through Moving Warehouses

Project Optimize is collaborating with the Senegalese Ministry of Health to implement and validate a "moving warehouse" that will streamline the vaccine supply chain from the regional to the peripheral level. A moving warehouse is a truck composed of delivery teams that visit each health facility, check stock levels, and replenish stock as needed.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Improving Women's and Children's Health in Senegal

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in Senegal. Since 2001, PATH has worked side by side with government and community partners in Senegal to reduce the burden of infectious disease, improve family planning and reproductive health, and strengthen health systems to save lives.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Africa

Initial Country Assessments for depo-subQ provera 104™ in the Uniject™ Injection System

These executive summaries reveal findings and recommendations from initial assessments conducted in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, and Senegal. These countries were evaluated in terms of service delivery, supply systems, and stakeholder perspectives with respect to the feasibility and appropriateness of introducing depo-subQ in Uniject.

Publication date: 2009

Region: Global

Innovative Passive Cooling Options for Vaccines

This project Optimize evidence brief reports results from field demonstrations of new vaccine cold boxes that could soon be available as World Health Organization–prequalified devices for vaccine storage and/or transport. This information is intended for national Expanded Programme on Immunization managers and logisticians who are interested in learning about new technologies in the pipeline for use in the near future.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Installing and Testing Battery-Free Solar Refrigerators in Vietnam

This photo set contains photographs by project Optimize of the installation and initial testing of two battery-free solar refrigerators in May 2011 in Vietnam.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Asia

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

An Integrated Approach to Health Information Systems in Guatemala

This project Optimize document describes an effort by the World Health Organization, PATH, the Pan American Health Organization, and the Guatemala Ministry of Public Health and Social Services to address challenges related to vaccine introduction. The goal is to develop an information system that will enable the digital recording and transmission of immunization data.

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Global

Integrating the Supply Chains of Vaccines and Other Health Commodities

This evidence brief, developed by project Optimize, examines the benefits, challenges, and rationale for integrating vaccine supply chains with the supply chains of other health commodities. It provides agencies, donors, decision-makers, and partners with a brief overview of supply chain integration and lessons learned during project Optimize’s demonstration activities in Senegal and Tunisia.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Investigating Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Efficacy in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 3 clinical study that PATH and our partners are conducting in Senegal to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a seasonal, trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). By providing evidence on how well this type of vaccine works among young children in Senegal, this study will help inform efforts in the scientific community to develop optimal LAIVs for the world’s most vulnerable children, as well as policy decisions for potential future LAIV use in Senegal and other tropical, low-resource countries in Africa.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Africa

Key Steps for Meeting Women's Needs

This fact sheet describes issues relating to women's cultural, emotional, and practical needs pertaining to cervical cancer prevention.

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Kill or Cure? Meningitis

Filmed during the 2007 epidemic in Burkina Faso, the documentary offers a poignant and revealing account of the devastating impact meningitis epidemics have on individuals and communities. The film also takes viewers to Mali, where the Meningitis Vaccine Project (a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization) and the Serum Institute of India Limited are testing a new vaccine that offers hope for eliminating epidemics as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Africa

Part of series: Kill or Cure? videos

Maintaining a Needle Remover

In this document you will find a set of guidelines on how to correctly maintain a needle remover for extended use.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Malaria Funding & Resource Utilization: The First Decade of Roll Back Malaria

This report, the first in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, confirms that investment in malaria control is rapidly saving lives and reaping far-reaching benefits for countries. The report demonstrates that without sustained and predictable long-term funding, the significant contribution of malaria control toward achievement of the five Millennium Development Goals that are closely tied to malaria control, as well as progress toward achieving the 2010 Abuja target of universal intervention coverage, could be reversed.

Author: Johansson EW, Cibulskis R, Steketee R

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

MalariaCare—Universal Diagnosis and Treatment to Improve Maternal and Child Health

This fact sheet describes the MalariaCare partnership, a five-year effort led by PATH and funded by the US Agency for International Development and the President's Malaria Initiative. The project aims to scale up high-quality diagnosis and treatment services for malaria and other life-threatening illnesses.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Global

Managing Health Care Waste Disposal: Operator's Manual

In this document you will find an operator's manual on how to use the waste disposal unit.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Mathematical Modelling to Support Malaria Control and Elimination

​This report, part of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, provides an overview of mathematical modelling, explains its history in relation to epidemiology and malaria, and details its implications and uses for global and national malaria control and elimination planning. The report aims to expand the dialogue within the global malaria community—and among public health decision-makers in particular—on when and how mathematical modelling can help inform malaria control programs and policies.

Author: Chitnis N, Schapira A, Smith DL, Smith T, Hay SI, Steketee R

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Meeting Requirements for Controlled Room Temperature Storage of Medicines

Project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Public Health are collaborating to explore new logistics and supply chain solutions that can optimize the vaccine supply chain. This report describes a study that project Optimize commissioned to assess the least-cost, most energy-efficient solution for pharmaceutical stores at the regional and district level.

Author: Lloyd J, McCarney S

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

Meeting the Need: Strengthening Family Planning Programs

This report is designed as a general resource to help family planning program managers strengthen their programs and meet growing family planning needs. It offers a broad overview of key programmatic considerations, lists of practical specialized resources, and hands-on tools that are available online.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Meningitis Vaccine Project Website

Launched in 2004, this website provides information on meningitis and the work of PATH and the World Health Organization's Meningitis Vaccine Project to eliminate epidemic meningitis as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Websites

The Meningitis Vaccine Project: Frequently Asked Questions

This document provides answers to frequently asked questions about the Meningitis Vaccine Project, including facts about meningococcal meningitis, the MenAfriVac™ vaccine, and next steps for the project.

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Africa

A Moving Warehouse Delivers Vaccines and Essential Health Supplies in Senegal

In March 2011, the government of Senegal began using a "moving warehouse" to transport vaccines and vaccine supplies from regional stores directly to district stores and health posts on a monthly basis in the Saint-Louis region. This photo set explains how the moving warehouse works and shares results from a project Optimize–supported pilot demonstration of the moving warehouse from 2010 to 2012.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

A Moving Warehouse in Senegal

As part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit, this banner illustrates the concept of integrating vaccines with other health products in streamlined supply chains. It highlights Senegal’s “moving warehouse,” which was introduced to offer a better system of distribution down the chain. Rather than having health facilities collect vaccines and supplies, the moving warehouse delivery teams visit each facility, check inventory, and replenish stock as needed. Each team includes a supervisor and cold chain technician who provide supportive supervision to health care workers and ensure that equipment is operating correctly.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Natural History of Cervical Cancer: Even Infrequent Screening of Older Women Saves Lives

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Optimal Settings for Needle Removers

This document reviews the site characteristics of both health facilities and injection settings in order to determine the optimal use of a needle-remover device.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Optimize Strategy: 2009-2012

This document provides a brief overview of the Optimize project’s strategy for developing delivery systems that are as advanced and innovative as the vaccines they support. Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, has been given a unique mandate to think far into the future: to put technological and scientific advances to work, helping define the ideal characteristics and specifications for health products; and to create a vaccine supply chain that is flexible and robust enough to handle an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: October 2009

Region: Global

Optimize: Immunization Systems and Technologies for Tomorrow

Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, has been given a unique mandate to think far into the future: to put technological and scientific advances to work, helping define the ideal characteristics and specifications for health products; and to create a vaccine supply chain that is flexible and robust enough to handle an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines. This brochure provides an overview of Optimize's areas of focus and activities.

Publication date: August 2009

Region: Global

Optimize: Senegal Report

This report presents the results of demonstration projects and other activities undertaken in Senegal from 2009 to 2012 as part of a partnership between project Optimize (a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH) and the Senegalese Ministry of Health. The activities aimed to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Optimize: Tunisia Report

This report presents the results and findings of three demonstration projects undertaken in Tunisia as part of a partnership between project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Health. Between 2009 and 2012, the partnership aimed to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help the national immunization program meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Outsourcing Vaccine Supply Chain and Logistics to the Private Sector

This project Optimize evidence brief provides supply chain managers in low- and middle-income countries with an overview of the potential benefits of outsourcing components of their vaccine logistics systems to the private sector. It also provides practical advice on determining whether outsourcing is a viable option.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Palliative Care: Supporting Women With Advanced Cancer

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Pap Smears: An Important But Imperfect Screening Method

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

The Pap Test: Evidence to Date

The ACCP has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Planning and Implementing Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Programs: A Manual for Managers

This manual is designed to help health professionals develop a new cervical cancer prevention program or strengthen an existing program. The manual provides information on how to organize and implement a program, recognizing that various service delivery options are needed for different geographic and cultural settings and a range of resource levels. The manual offers practical information on how to develop a program; ensure availability and accessibility of services; build and maintain effective service delivery linkages; reach eligible women; train health professionals; monitor program performance; and improve linkages between prevetion, treatment, and palliative care services.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Planning Appropriate Cervical Cancer Prevention Programs (2nd ed)

Author: Herdman C; Sherris J

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Point-of-Service Data to Drive Vaccine Supply Chains

This fact sheet outlines the different approaches that project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, is testing to demonstrate that a consumption‐based system that uses service-delivery-level data can have a beneficial impact on inventory management, stock levels, and vaccine wastage.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Policy Advocacy for Health: A Workshop Curriculum on Policy Advocacy Strategy Development

Policy advocacy is an effective method to achieve global health goals by ensuring that necessary resources, policies, and political will are available to support important programs. This guide helps professionals lead workshops based on PATH’s ten-part framework to assess policy advocacy options and plan strategic goals and activities. The accompanying participant workbook includes all worksheets needed, for use during the workshop, to develop an advocacy strategy.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Global

Practical, Local Solutions for Safely Managing Contaminated Syringes and Other Medical Waste

Author: Wittet S; Bhattari M; Chaudray A

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Preventing Cervical Cancer in Low-Resource Settings (Outlook, vol. 18, no. 1)

Author: Sherris JD; Herdman C

Publication date: September 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Preventing Cervical Cancer: Unprecedented Opportunities for Improving Women's Health (Outlook, vol. 23, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook provides the latest evidence-based information about cervical cancer prevention. It summarizes key issues related to transmission of human papillomavirus (HPV), new HPV vaccines, and strategies for introducing the vaccine in low-resource countries. This issue also identifies new methods for early detection and treatment of cervical cancer.

Author: Castilaw D, Wittet S

Publication date: June 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Preventing Freezing in Vaccine Carriers

As part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested in different countries around the world, this banner and these handouts emphasize the importance of, and methods for, preventing accidental freezing of heat-sensitive products in vaccine carriers. They illustrate how different configurations of ice packs affect temperature and show typical temperature readings of vaccine carriers containing frozen ice packs, conditioned ice packs, cool water packs, and no ice.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage: Managing the Third Stage of Labor (Outlook, vol. 19, no. 3)

Author: Shane B

Publication date: September 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Progress in Preventing Cervical Cancer: Updated Evidence on Vaccination and Screening (Outlook, vol. 27, no. 2)

This issue of Outlook provides an update on opportunities for preventing cervical cancer through vaccination and screening. It summarizes recent evidence on the safety and efficacy of human papillomavirus vaccines as well as successful approaches for screening and treatment in low-resource areas. Other topics include cost-effectiveness, communication and training, and implications for policy and programs.

Author: Murray M

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Proper Handling and Disposal of Auto-Disable Syringes and Safety Boxes: A Training Module for Clinic Managers and Immunization Providers

Author: Wittet S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

ProVIC: Integrated HIV/AIDS Project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), PATH and our partners are working from the ground up to better link people to HIV and other health services through the five-year ProVIC project. Our programmatic approach includes working through “champion communities” to link people with integrated HIV prevention, care, and support services. This flyer has two sides: one in English and the other in French. It is also available divided into each language.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Africa

Questions Frequently Asked by Women

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Realizing the Full Potential of Childhood Immunization: How Health Professionals Can Make a Difference

This eight-page paper on local advocacy was written for doctors, nurses, and health educators. It provides practical suggestions for grassroots initiatives supporting immunization and incorporates the insights of co-author Dr. Robert Aston, an immunization advocate from the U.K.

Author: Wittet S; Aston R

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Reducing the Need for Parallel Supply Chains

Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, aims to provide national immunization programs with recommendations to build integrated health supply systems, including strategic linkages with the parastatal and private sector. Ultimately, integration will allow public health programs to reduce uncertainties and risks, achieve economies of scale, shorten delivery lead times, improve procurement, provide better incentives for health workers, and improve quality of service to clients.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Reducing Unmet Need for Family Planning: Evidence-Based Strategies and Approaches (Outlook, vol. 25, no. 1)

The 25th anniversary issue of Outlook, made possible by support from UNFPA, presents innovative, evidence-based strategies and approaches for addressing unmet need for family planning in developing countries. The issue also reviews the link between family planning and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including improving maternal and child health, promoting gender equality, and combating HIV/AIDS. Addressing unmet need can help tackle some of the most intractable health and development challenges facing the world today.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Researching New Prevention Approaches for Cervical Cancer: Methodological Guidelines

The ACCP has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer: Evidence to Date

Part of the ACCP's series of fact sheets, this document reviews available evidene on risk factors for cervical cancer.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Africa

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Africa. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in African children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Burkina Faso

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Burkina Faso. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Burkinabè children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Burundi

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Burundi. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Burundian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Cameroon

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Cameroon. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Cameroonian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Djibouti

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Djibouti. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Djiboutian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Haiti

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Haiti. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Haitian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Latin America

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Mali

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Mali. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Malian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Tanzania

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Tanzania. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Tanzanian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in the Republic of the Congo

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in the Republic of the Congo. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Congolese children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Togo

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Togo. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Togolese children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Saving Lives With Malaria Control: Counting Down to the Millennium Development Goals

The third report of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series analyzes the impact of malaria control scale-up on child mortality over the last decade in 34 malaria-endemic African countries. Using the Lives Saved Tool, this report demonstrates the dramatic progress made toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals related to malaria and child survival—and the potential consequences of decreasing our commitment to fighting the disease.

Author: Eisele T, Larsen D, Walker N, Steketee R, Cibulskis R

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Sayana® Press Training Materials

These training materials focus on the administration of the injectable contraceptive Sayana® Press for facility- and community-based providers, and were developed as part of the Sayana Press pilot introduction and evaluation project. For the original Word and PowerPoint files to customize for your training program, please email sayanapressadmin@path.org.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Global

Sayana® Press: Pilot Introduction and Evaluation

These fact sheets describe PATH's pilot introduction project to deliver the injectable contraceptive Sayana® Press (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate or DMPA) to women in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The fact sheets also provide clinical information about Sayana® Press.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Global

Senegal: Integrating and Streamlining Health Supply Chains

This document describes how project Optimize is collaborating with the Senegalese Ministry of Health to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help to increase efficiency and improve performance, preparing the country for the introduction of new vaccines in the future.

Publication date: August 2012

Region: Global

Solar Direct-Drive for Last-Mile Cooling

For health facilities lacking reliable access to electricity, solar direct-drive refrigerators are the most cost-effective option currently available when comparing similarly sized units. This banner and these handouts are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Stop Freezing Vaccine!

This series describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Taking Advantage of the True Heat Stability of Vaccines

Project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, is working to enable immunization programs to take advantage of the true stability of vaccines by labeling them for use at ambient temperatures in a controlled temperature chain for limited periods of time as appropriate to the stability of the antigen.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Temperature Monitoring Devices

Maintaining proper temperatures for vaccine products is challenging, especially in places with extremely hot or cold climates, unreliable electricity, and weak transportation infrastructure. This three-part banner and these handouts display devices prequalified by the World Health Organization that assess vaccine handling quality, detect malfunctioning equipment, and prevent temperature fluctuations that can negatively impact vaccine potency and safety. These are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Temperature Monitoring for Vaccine Quality

In collaboration with the Albanian Ministry of Health, project Optimize has installed a short message service–based system that monitors and logs temperature conditions in peripheral cold chain equipment. The team aims to assess the benefits of remote alarm systems over nonconnected temperature loggers.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Treating Precancerous Cervical Lesions

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Tunisia: Demonstrating Innovative Health Supply Chain Solutions

This document describes how project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Public Health are collaborating to explore new logistics and supply chain solutions that can optimize the vaccine supply chain.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Africa

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 4, post-licensure influenza vaccine effectiveness study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the extent of the influenza disease burden in tropical Africa, as well as the potential of current seasonal influenza vaccines to reduce influenza-related deaths in the developing world. Ultimately, study data could help public health officials decide how to best use influenza vaccines in Senegal and in similar tropical countries.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Africa

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Performance Among Children in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 2 influenza vaccine clinical study that PATH and our partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the performance of seasonal influenza vaccines in a tropical, low-resource region of the country. Overall, the results from this study will provide evidence to support larger research efforts to determine the most feasible and efficient ways of protecting populations in tropical, developing Africa from influenza through the use of vaccines.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Using a Needle Remover

This document provides the user with guidelines on how to use a Balcan type needle remover safely.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Using Uniject to Increase the Safety and Effectiveness of Hepatitis B Immunization

Author: Nelson C; Widjaya A; Wittet S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Vaccine Presentation Resources

This banner and these handouts serve as resources for a vaccine presentation game in the project Optimize traveling exhibit—an exhibit featuring supply chain innovations being developed and tested in different countries around the world. The banner illustrates that while vaccine price is a big part of the total cost, there are many other important costs associated with each type of vaccine presentation that are less obvious, including costs for shipping, cold chain maintenance, and training.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA): Evidence to Date

The Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP) has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Visual inspection with Lugol

The ACCP has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Visual Screening Approaches: Promising Alternative Screening Strategies

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Women's Frequently Asked Questions About Cervical Cancer Screening: Helping Health Care Providers Anticipate and Answer Common Questions

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Women's Stories, Women's Lives: Experiences with Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment

Women's Stories, Women's Lives: Experiences with Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment is a collection of stories based on interviews with women who participated in the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP) screening and (when applicable) treatment programs. These women's stories illustrate the unnecessary suffering cervical cancer can cause women and their families and how prevention programs can save women's lives.

Author: ACCP

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Workshop on Using the WHO Prequalification Programme in Procurement Practices

These workshop materials were developed to improve the knowledge and skills of procurement implementers to enable them to effectively use the WHO Prequalification Programme for Essential Reproductive Health Medicines. The materials include educational and skills-building components to convey the benefits of prequalification within the procurement context and to effectively incorporate prequalification into bidding documents and bidder assessments. If you intend to adapt these materials, it is recommended that experienced facilitators manage each session. For more information, contact info@path.org.

Publication date: April 2008

Region: Global

World Malaria Day 2010: Africa Update

The second report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series benchmarks the remarkable progress and momentum that are building toward halting malaria in Africa.

Author: Johansson EW, Steketee R

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series